Whitetailed Eagle

A large, heavy eagle of rocky coasts, islands, estuaries, and inland lakes, this species is recognized by its repeated, yelping calls. It is adept at snatching fish and birds from lakes and the sea, and seeks carrion along the shore. Pairs stay permanently in their territories in areas where winters are sufficiently mild.

• nest a large structure of sticks to which more material is added each year, with a hollow in the center, lined with twigs and sometimes wool, placed on a cliff, rock ledge, or tree.

• DISTRIBUTION Breeds in Greenland and N. Eurasia. Some northern and northeastern populations migrate as far south as the Middle East and C. China.

Females are larger than males.

Plumage Sexcs aMkc

Migration partia| migram


Species ior¡,os iracheliotus

Length 39 jn (98 cm)

hart heaiI a ne! neck of a scavenger


Plumage Scxcs alikc

Migration Non-migrant

Lappet-faced Vulture

1 his large vulture takes first place at any animal carcass, dominating the smaller carrion-eating birds. Its heavy bill enables it to tear open the carcass, incidentally helping smaller species to feed and to consume tougher parts such as skin and ligaments for which there is less competition. The Lappet-face roosts solitarily or in pairs, and spends much of the day in soaring flight.

• NliST A platform of sticks with a central hollow, lined and placed on a flat-topped bush or tree.

• Distribution

Parts of Africa, Israel, S. and W. Arabian Peninsula.

hart heaiI a ne! neck of a scavenger distribttion



Species Neophron perrnopierns

Migration |>artial migram

Egyptian Vulture

A small vulture with a bare face and shaggy neck feathering, this species occurs in open plains and semidesert. It cannot compete with larger vultures at an animal carcass. On the other hand, heing smaller, it is less dependent on rising currents of warm air to gain height and starts flying soon after dawn, so reaching the carrion first. It raids nesting colonics of birds, seizing chicks and carrying away eggs in its hill. When attacking an Ostrich nest, it lifts stones with its hill and throws them about until one of the eggs is cracked. • NEST A small platform made of sticks, lined with dung, hair, and skin, and placed on a rock ledge.

• DlSTRIBl 1TION S. Kuropc, Middle Kast, Africa, W. Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

• REMARK Females DISTKIBimON are larger than males.

Plumage Sexes alike

Migration |>artial migram

Family AcciPlTRIDAK

Species Qypaitus hariwtus

feathers thirl; covering of feathers on • lipp er leg



A very large carrion-eating bird, thinly dispersed in its mountain habitat, the Lammergeier glides and soars for long periods on long, tapering wings and a wedge-shaped tail. It can cat parts of the carcass that other carrion-eaters cannot digest, including hones, which it smashes by dropping them onto rocks from the air.

• nest A platform of twigs with a central hollow lined grass, hair, skin, and bones, in a cave or on a cliff ledge

• DISTRIBUTION Scattered areas in S. Europe, Africa, and through the Middle East to C. Asia

Females are larger than males.

with feathers thirl; covering of feathers on • lipp er leg

Plumage Scxcs a|ikc a

Migration Non_migram

licautifully adapted for prolonged and fast gliding and for agility in the air. this small eagle inhabits scrub, open woodland, and savanna (tropical and subtropical grassland) with scattered trees. It roosts in trees and is on the wing for most of the day, crisscrossing the same area in very fast, gliding flight as it searches for prey. The shortness of the tail gives the Bateleur an "all-wings" appearance in flight and causes the gliding bird to swerve first to one side, then to the other. The bird swoops on its prey, sometimes from a great height, intercepting birds in flight, and taking reptiles, small mammals, and large insects from the ground. Pairs in courtship perform spectacular aerial maneuvers, from which the name Bateleur (French _ for juggler or acrobat) is derived.

• NEST A cup nest made of twigs, lined

V^Hfl^kr with leaves, and placed in the canopy of a tree.

• Distribution

Africa south of the Sahara.

DISTRIBUTION larger than males. JUVENILE


Species Tcrathoptus ecauHatus

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