A bird of woodland and open areas with large trees, this stout, roundhcaded owl roosts inconspicuously among branches or hidden in a hole. It has two calls: one is an advertisement call consisting of a short and a long hoot, while a sharp "ke-wiek" call is also uttered for contact purposes. These arc the sounds represented by the popular "to-whit to-whoo" imitation of an owl. The Tawny Owl is nocturnal and is able to hunt in complete darkness, using only its hearing to locate prey. The main foods are mice and voles.

• DISTRIBUTION From Europe and N.VV. Africa east to China and Korea.

• REMARK Three color phases (seep. IJ): gray, rufous brown, and dark brown.

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