tp he 74 passerine families contain

_ more than half the world's bird species. The precise meaning of the word passerine is "sparrowlike," and a common, though possibly misleading, alternative is "perching birds" (many non-passerines perch). A third name, not always deserved, is "songbirds." Most passerines arc relatively small, and there is a basic similarity of shape throughout the group. Identification may depend on minor details. Legs vary according to life-style, for instance, whether the bird forages on the ground or perches in foliage. Bill shapes vary with the food eaten - most commonly insects, fruit, or seeds. The shape of body, wings, and tail help too, and song can often be decisive in identifying a passerine species.

typical broadbill

crest on the front of the face

I he wide mouth and bill of this broadbill arc concealed under the feathers of its oversize-looking head. bill hidden

Small groups feed in the under the crest lower branches on soft fruit, buds, and occasionally insects.

• NEST A pear-shaped structure with a porched entrance hole at the side, hanging from a branch.

• DlSTRIBl ITION Malay Peninsula, Sumatra (including small islands), and Borneo. distribution


Species Psarisomus dalhousiae

Plumage ScxcsJ|ikc

Migration ¡Mon-migram


Species Calyptomena viridis

crest on the front of the face typical broadbill

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