Fkmaik

bright yet tow throat white barring on the tail feathers spiny-tipped tail feathers for support c

• transverse barring on the back, typical of the "ladder-backed" woodpeckers barring on • the tail

• male's red cap extends to forehead

I his species is one of the "ladder-backed" woodpeckers, which have black-and-white barring across the back. It has a large area of red on the head and nape, which is an easier identification mark than the more limited red flush on the belly. In flight, a white rump and a short, white wingbar are revealed. The species is widespread in open woodland and also occurs in parks and suburbs. It is usually seen in pairs, but family groups remain together for a short period after breeding. The diet consists of insects, obtained by hacking at dead and dying wood, and birds visit garden birdfeeders in winter. Feeding in this way, birds make good use of the tail, with its stiffened feather shafts, as a support. The splayed, sharp-clawcd feet help the birds to cling firmly to where they feed. The call is a rolling "churr."

• NEST An unlined hole, excavated in a tree.

• DISTRIBUTION E. North America. Northern populations

DISTRIBUTION winter south within this range.

Family plcIDAE

Species \itla„,rpescarotinus LenSth 9'A in (24 cm)

• transverse barring on the back, typical of the "ladder-backed" woodpeckers barring on • the tail tapering, spiny feather tips c

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