tail is relatively short, with a blunt tip tapering wings

Juvenile long legs and strong feet of a ground forager

Brown-headed Gowbird dull brown head glossy plumage on body

Family pringillidaf.

Species ¡.'rjngjH/i coeUbs

/mil: breast

Disimiu tion longish • b%s

Disimiu tion


A woodland bird that has adapted to gardens, the Chaffinch feeds on the ground, often forming flocks in winter, taking seeds, fruit, and insects.

• NEST a Clip nest of moss, in the fork of a tree or shrub.

• DISTRIBUTION Europe, N. Africa, Middle East, Siberia. Some populations winter in N. Africa and India. FEMALE

/mil: breast

Migration i>ar|jai mjgra|U



Species Serinus serinus

European Serin

I his streaked, grecn-and-yellow finch is inconspicuous for most of the year. In spring, however, the male performs a downward-spiralling display flight with an exuberant, fizzing song. European Serins forage for small seeds on the ground.

• NEST a small cup nest made of grass, roots, and moss, bound with spiderwebs, lined with hair and vegetable down, and placed in a tree or shrub.

• Distribution Much of continental Europe, Mediterranean islands, N. Africa, and Turkey. Sf* tail edge

• yellow fare pattern small bill



Plumage Sexes t|ifT<.r

Migration Migrant


Species C.arduelis pin us

Pine Siskin

A finch of coniferous forests, this active, acrobatic bird can feed upside down, extracting seeds from cones and also feeding on alder and birch catkins. Eloeks of up to several hundred I'ine Siskins feed in trees and on herbaceous plants, taking buds, tender leaves, __________ and insects, as well as seeds.

• NEST a cup nest made of grass, twigs, anil moss, lined with down, fur, and feathers, and placed in a coniferous tree. on wings

• DISTRIBUTION Breeds ill North America and in the mountains of Mexico. In winter, many distribution populations migrate southward within this range.


Species Carduelis irislis

. /trig/if yellow summer plumage

• while pattern on




American Goldfinch

I lie dashing, black-and-yellow breeding plumage of the male is replaced in winter by drab brown. American Goldfinches form large flocks in winter. Their diet consists of weed seeds, insects, and buds.

• NliST An open cup nest of bark, grass, and plant stems, placed in a fork of a tree.

• DlSTRIBl ITION S. Canada and much of USA. Northern populations migrate-south as far as N. Mexico in winter.


. /trig/if yellow summer plumage

• while pattern on

Plumage Scxcs differ

Migration |>artja| n,jgrant


Species Cartluelis ehloris


/lull olive plumage yellow tail eilge yellow w ing bar

European Greenfinch

I his bird is often seen in gardens and farmland. Males perform a buttcrflylike display flight above the trees in spring. Their musical song alternates with long, harsh notes. Their diet consists of seeds, berries, and insects.

• NliST A bulky cup nest of grass stems and other plant materials, sited in a bush or tree.

• DISTRIBUTION From Kurope and N. Africa to W. Asia. Some southward migration within this range in winter.


/lull olive plumage yellow tail eilge yellow w ing bar


Plumage gexcs dinf<;r

Habitat __ jJ- f

Migration parlja| nliRrant

Family FRINtill.LIDAE

Species Cnrduelis earduelis

Length 4/lin( |2 tm)

Eurasian Goldfinch

A colorful finch that flocks in autumn, this bird frequents open spaces, taking seeds from thistle heads or the ground.

• NliST A cup nest made of plant materials, on a horizontal tree branch.

• DISTRIBUTION Kurope. N. Africa. Middle Kast, and across ('. Asia.


yellow wing • bar pale rump shows in



Species Carduclts flammen

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