Distribution

• strong feel for running and scratching

Habitat V ft^

Plumage Scxcs a|¡kc

Migration Non.mij,ram

Male

A small hollow, often lined with dead plant materials, in an open situation in grass.

Europe to \V. (;hin Introduced in North America.

Gray Partridge

1 his is one of the commonest gamebirds within its range: its populations are artificially maintained for the benefit of hunters and shooters. Gray Partridges usually live in pairs in spring, forming coveys (social groups) of up to 20 birds in autumn. The birds feed on the ground in farmland, taking seeds, insects, and grains. When alarmed, they crouch in the grass, passing for a clod of earth or a piece of dry turf. If a bird is approached directly, it bursts out of hiding in a rapid escape flight, low over the ground at first, making a sharply audible whistling sound with its wings.

Male

DISTKIIlt HON

A small hollow, often lined with dead plant materials, in an open situation in grass.

Europe to \V. (;hin Introduced in North America.

Family PhasiaNIDAK

Species Ptrdixpentix

Juvenile alert posture typ ical of male bird

Plumage Scxcs dif|cr s|¡K|u|y

Migration \ion-migrant birds winter as far south as C. Africa and India.

Male

Family |>MASIANI1>AE

Species Commix coturnix

Common Quail

I his species is one of the smaller game-birds of the world. Its distinctive (treated i call, consisting of three liquid notes, facial can be heard both day and night. It pattern hides in dry grassland and among growing crops. If threatened, it prefers to escape danger by running rather than flying but will reluctantly make short, "deadgrass" low flights. On its long-distance camouflage migratory journeys, however, it pattern • shows its ability to fly strongly. The Common Quail feeds on the ground, its diet consisting mainly of seeds, buds, shoots, and leaves. • NEST A shallow hollow in the ground, scraped with the feet and shaped by body pressure, lined with dried grass and situated in thick cover. • DISTRIBUTION Breeds from Europe to east C. Siberia and

Mongolia, and in Iran. N. India, Africa, and Madagascar. Eurasian dlsthllll tion birds winter as far south as C. Africa and India.

Male

Plumage Scxcs difTcr

Migration MÍRrant

Family PhaSIANIDAE

Species Tragopan temminekii

spotted plumage

Female

Tkmminck's Tragopan

A bird of evergreen or mixed forest in mountains, Temminck's Tragopan occurs at altitudes of up to 15,000 ft (4,600 m) and is normally-solitary. I.ike other birds living in unpopulated regions, it is tame in human company. Its diet consists of plant matter, such as buds, shoots, and seeds, supplemented with insects. This species is remarkable for the male's colored throat wattle, which is inflated in display, expanding to cover his breast.

• NEST A platform made of twigs, gathered from the immediate surroundings, and placed in a bush or low tree.

• DISTRIBUTION «Tibet, C. China, N.E. India. Burma, and N. Vietnam.

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