Distribution

Plumage Scxcs alike

Habltalf¿f ft.

Migration Non-migrant

Family pAR,DAE

Species pa,uS bicolor

Length in (16 cm)

small, pointed crest

Tufted Titmouse

Southern Form

Tufted Titmouse

Naturally a bird of woodland, forests, and scrub, the Tufted Titmouse is a frequent visitor to gardens, particularly where winter food is provided. It is seen in pairs and small parties, also joining mixed flocks, searching for insects, seeds, fruit, and nuts.

• NliST A cup nest made of hair, wool, leaves, and grass, placed in a tree hole, post, or nest box.

• Distribution s.e. Canada, e. usa, and n.e. Mexico.

small, pointed crest

Southern Form

Plumage Scxcs a|¡kc

Habitat M- m

Migration Non-migrant

Family SrrriDAE

Species 'lichodroma muraría

large, scarlet wing patch

distribution large daws for climbing rock faces

Wallcreeper

Climbing in short hops up rock faces, this bird uses its long, curved bill to probe crevices for insects.

• NliST Placed in a rock crevice, the nest is made of roots, grass, and moss, and lined with wool and hair.

• Distribution

From Europe to E. Asia.

• Remark its jerky, flitting style of flight resembles that of a butterfly. Female large, scarlet wing patch distribution large daws for climbing rock faces

distribimon

Siberian Form

Family SrmDAK

Species ging turopaea

Length si4 in (14 cm)

Eurasian Nuthatch l Istially seen running along tree branches or up and down the trunk in search of insects, this bird also takes nuts, which it wedges into a crevice and breaks open with blows of its bill.

• NliST A cup nest made of bark flakes, in a tree hole The entrance is often plastered with mud to rcducc its size.

• DISTRIBUTION Much of Kurasia.

distribimon

Siberian Form

Habitat {J fff

Migration Non.migrant typical upended posture

Family SrrriDAE

Species siua caro/inensis

White-breasted Nuthatch

Common in deciduous woodland and mixed forest areas within its range, the White-breasted Nuthatch characteristically works its way up, down, and across tree trunks in all directions as it forages for small insects. Like other nuthatches, it will also take nuts, which it hammers open with blows from its stout bill. Its song is a series of low, nasal whistles.

• NliST A hole in a tree, often lined with bark chippings and softer materials.

• DISTRIBUTION Parts of S. Canada, much of USA, and mountains of Mexico.

typical upended posture

strong, hammering hill

Plumage g^ aMkc

Habitat f,f

Migration Non.migran,

Family NEOSITTIDAE

Species Daphoenositta chrysoptera

Length 4/, ^ (12 cm)

Northwestern

Varied Sittella

This small and gregarious species forages actively among the branches and twigs of trees, feeding on invertebrates. Plumage colors on the head, back, and wing stripe vary with the subspecies. • NliST A cup nest made of insect cocoons, spiderwebs, hair, and wool, camouflaged with bark flakes, and built into an upright fork of a tree. • DISTRIBUTION Much of Australia and Highlands of New Guinea.

distribution eastern form

Varied Sittella

Northwestern

spine-tipped tail for support

Family CeRTHIIDAE

Species CerthiafamUiaris

Plumage Scxes a|;kc

Habitat

Migration Non_migrant

Eurasian Treecreeper

This gray-brown bird is usually seen climbing a tree trunk in short spurts. It pauses to feed, searching a fissure in the bark for spiders or insects with its tweezerlike bill. While stationary, it presses its stiff, spiny tail against the bark for balance. It then swoops down low before climbing the next tree.

• NEST A pocket-shaped nest made of plant fibers, placed behind loose-bark, in a split tree, or behind ivy.

• dis tribution Pans of w. Europe and from E. Europe through C. Asia to Japan.

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