Family

CHAPTER

phylum class subclass order monotypic order suborder family

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Manakins are some of the most brightly colored, energetic, attractive birds of the Western Hemisphere. They are generally small, around the size of hummingbirds. Most are less than 5 inches (13 centimeters) long and weigh only 0.35 to 0.70 ounces (10 to 20 grams). Manakins live up to fifteen years, an unusually long life for birds this small.

Female and young manakins of both sexes tend to be olive-green or black. Males, however, have intense jewel-like colors, with white, red, blue, or yellow areas on the top of the head, neck, and across the back, depending on the particular species. Young males go through several molts, or sets of feathers, before they achieve the full color of adults. In some species the males have long tail feathers that almost double the length of their body. Others have modified wing feathers that can be used by the males to make whirring or snapping sounds as part of their courtship and mating rituals.

GEOGRAPHIC RANGE

Manakins are found continuously from Mexico to Argentina and on the Caribbean islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Man-akins live year round in the same location. They do not migrate, or relocate seasonally.

HABITAT

Manakins prefer the understory, which is the part of the forest midway between the forest floor and the tops of the trees.

They live in thick, subtropical woodlands and lowland tropical rainforests.

0 0

Post a comment