Australian Warblers Acanthizidae

Class: Aves Order: Passeriformes Family: Acanthizidae

Number of species: 63 to 68

species

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PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Australian warblers tend to be small- to medium- sized birds, with an average length of 3.5 to 10 inches (9 to 27 centimeters) and a weight range of 0.25 to 2.5 ounces (7 to 70 grams). Most of the species are olive-green, somewhat drab-colored birds, but with distinctive markings on the head and face, such as light eyebrows, spots, and streaks. Some species have yellow or reddish rumps. Some of the thornbills and gerygones have yellow undersides, while the pilotbird and rockwarbler have reddish brown underside. This family of birds has slender bills. The tails of some species are cocked, tilted, regularly. Males and females are similar in appearance.

GEOGRAPHIC RANGE

Australian warblers are distributed throughout Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand, including the Chatham Islands. They are also found in Indonesia and South East Asia.

HABITAT

Australian warblers occur in many different habitats throughout their distribution area including, mangroves, rainforests, eucalyptus (yoo-kah-LIP-tus) forests and woodlands, shrub lands, and desert.

DIET

Most of this family captures small invertebrates, animals without backbones, from the foliage, twigs, branches, and trunks, phylum class subclass order monotypic order suborder family picking their prey with their long and slender bills. They eat primarily small insects, but occasionally some species eat seeds and fruits.

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