Serena Williams

Blend values where they meet. If colors seem too dark, blot off excess paint with soft tissue or cheese cloth. Lay tracing paper pattern over wet paint and redraw detail lines with ball point pen.

Highlight with dirty brush + W in between section lines. Blend to soften highlights. Add detail with slightly-thinned RU, using round brush. Highlight with pure W inside the forewing dark dots.

4. Blend edges of highlight values with growth direction.

Gulf Fritillary Butterfly

1. Base butterfly with the mixes:

Light Dirty brush + RS +

Delta Tidepool Blue


Blend with roller into wet Delta Moss Green

Dirty brush + W

Delta Light Ivory

Leaf Highlight

Blossom Basecoat


Breast Dark Mix

Leaf Dark Mix

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Much better.

Lines remain between values -it's underblended, looks flat, y Surface is too smooth - doesn't indicate depth.

Form & shape is created by directional brush strokes.

Leaf Light Mix

' //.ave a ricA, t/iic consistency w/tic/t ma/tes tvowdewfuftexture on, a /tainted surface. CAnc/tÂe texture ofwÂatyou /taint teâ l tâe itcxu of (o/iai f t ù, in ¿Xe jante tvau va/ueô a/t</ co/erô c/o.

bird's breast is covered with a thick layer of feathers, so it has to be painted differently than a smooth apple skin if we want the bird to look fluffy and feathery.

As you create texture, you also develop a pattern of strokes. To create the right form and shape, you must make those strokes follow the contour of the object you're painting. Look at the diagram on the worksheet.

I've added arrows to show you the natural lie of feathers on this little titmouse. Notice how round they make the bird appear. And look at how the texture actually suggests real feathers.

In the second diagram, I used less paint on the left side of the bird.

You can see how that made the paint look more blended, and made it difficult to get good texture. The lack of surface strokes keep the bird from looking so feathery. The divisions between values also remain, making each area look flat. But on the right side, I've been just a little more generous with my paint.

You see suggested feathering and shape right away, and the values interlock more readily. Practice making choppy strokes with the chisel edge of a #2 or #4 bright. Vary the amount of paint. Soon you'll get the knack of creating perfect feather strokes. And always change the direction of your strokes to match the growth direction of the bird's feathers in each area of the body.


Witisor & Neivtoti Artists' Oils: Ivory Black (B), Titanium White (W), Raw Sienna (RS), Raw Umber (RU), Sap Green (SG), Cadmium Yellow Pale (CYP), French Ultramarine (FU).



3. Pull a few feather lines with dirty brush + W.

3. Highlight Dirty brush + W

4. Add toenails and leg lines using slightly-thinned base mix applied with round brush.


Medium RS

Light Dirty brush

Place colors using choppy strokes, b following growth

^^L direction of feathers.

2. Blend values where they meet.

3. Shade RU

Highlight W

4. Use choppy strokes to blend highlights.


This engaging little charmer is found in the Southwest United States - and happily, in my own backyard. It likes sunflower seeds and nuts, and travels in noisy, busy family groups. And tiny as they are, the whole flock will gang up on any small owl that dares to intrude on their territory._

3. Add highlight dot with W.


2. Fill in cheek and band above eye with RU + W. Carefully apply B + RU with small chisel in all remaining areas, following feather direction.

3. Blend a little between gray and black areas just to soften. Add highlights on crown, cheek and above eye with W.

4. Blend highlights. Narrow eyering with dark from around eve.


2. Add line with dirty W.

3. Soften line into upper beak.


3. Highlight W

4. Blend edges of highlights to soften.

Blossom Centers

2. Base RS

3. Add stamen lines with RS + CYP, slightly thinned.

4. Pollen dots RS


Stems Base with Dark.

Blend leaves with chisel edge, following growth direction. Highlight with dirty brush + W + FU. Highlight stems with light leaf mix.

4. Blend leaf highlights with growth direction. Add central veins with light leaf mix.


3. Dark RU

Light W

4. Blend a bit with choppy chisel where values meet for bark-like texture.

Step 1

Base sparsely with small brush. Detait does better on a 'dry' basecoat.

Step 2

Highlight and blend a little.


Step 3

Detail with round

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