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1cnn 20 40 60 80 20 40 60 80 I 1859 1980 1600 1700 1800 1916 endemic flying-fox Pteropus rodricensis (Cheke 1974a, Cheke & Dahl 1981, Carroll 1982b). In Mauritius Vau-ghan & Wieh (1937) noted that, formerly invasive, it was retreating before the Strawberry Guava. In R union it is, like the guava, largely confined to man-altered areas (Cadet 1977, Lavergne 1978), perhaps dispersed by rats. Another species helped by endemic fruit-bats is the Travellers' Palm Ravenala madagascariensis, which...

Newton 1958 Mauritius Cuckooshrike

Since cut over for timber which was still acceptable habitat for many endemic birds. Large areas south of Curepipe disappeared to pine Edgerley 1962 , and in the Midlands region also to tea anon. 1961, Tilbrook 1968, Roy 1969 . In the 1970s a job-creation programme Travail Pour Tous operated by the Development Works Corporation anon. 1971c and funded by the World Bank Temple 1976b, Procter amp Salm 1975 extended and accelerated clearances for exotic plantations into key habitat areas such as...

The Islands

More has probably been written on the biological history of the Mascarenes than of any other oceanic islands apart perhaps from the Galapagos, New Zealand and Hawaii. Much of this material has either been very incomplete or devoted solely to a particular aspect of the islands' biota. Although I concentrate on the land vertebrates, my objective is to place their history in the context of man's activities. Man's principal documented impacts on the existing biota have been threefold hunting,...

Introduction

In 1970 the Council of the British Ornithologists' Union decided on a policy of promoting expeditions to study ecologically little-known endangered species Mountfort 1970 . The first proposed survey was to be in Cuba, but for various reasons this plan had to be abandoned. However, a timely visit to Dr D. W. Snow, then Chairman of the Research Committee, by Dr France Staub, then Chairman of the Mauritian National Section of the International Council for Bird Preservation, drew the Union's...

Foreword

139 Hurst Street, Oxford OX4 1HE, UK Graham S. Cowles Sub-department of Ornithology, British Museum Natural History , Tring, Hertfordshire, UK National Museums of Kenya, PO Box 40658, Nairobi, Kenya Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Zoologie, 55 Rue de Buffon, 75-Paris Ve , France ICBP, c o Forestry Quarters, Black River, Mauritius I have been invited to introduce the book arising out of the BOU Mascarene Island Expedition because this project took place during my term of office as...