Info

Type of Study Gastrointestinal double contrast study Contrast Medium Barium sulfate suspension (Novopaque 30 w v Lafayette Pharmaceutical, Inc., Lafayette, IN) 7 ml and room air 7 ml administered via gavage tube Projection Ventrodorsal Weight of Bird 146 g Gender Unknown Reproductive Status Intact Age Adult

Radiographic Contrast Studies Of The Urinary Tract

Survey radiographs are essential for establishing the radiographic technique and identifying subtle radiographic changes in the avian urinary tract after administration of contrast. Radiographic exposures should be made immediately after injection of the contrast medium. The contrast medium should be injected as a bolus directly into the intravenous catheter. Our clinical experience has led us to use nonionic iodinated contrast media for excretory urography. We have not performed double blind...

Cloacogram Cloaca Technique

Oblique view of head, of orange-winged Amazon parrot, 81 Orange-winged Amazon parrot (Amazona amazonica), 75-124 cloacogram laterolateral view of, 102 -103 ventrodorsal view of, 104 -105 CT, transverse view of coelom, 113 -115 , 116 -117 head, 110 -112 excretory urogram laterolateral view of, 106 -107 ventrodorsal view of, 108 -109 gastrointestinal double contrast study laterolateral view of, 98 -99 ventrodorsal view of, 100 -101 gastrointestinal positive contrast study laterolateral view of,...

Sod

Skeleton Male African Grey Parrot

Type of Bird African Grey Parrot Type of Study Whole body skeleton Projection Ventrodorsal Weight of Animal 546 g Gender Unknown Reproductive Status Intact Age Adult Type of Bird African Grey Parrot Type of Study Whole body skeleton Projection Ventrodorsal Weight of Animal 546 g Gender Unknown Reproductive Status Intact Age Adult 26. Ventral tubercle of humerus NOTE Structures in parentheses are not labeled. Type of Bird African Grey Parrot Type of Study Infraorbital sinus contrast study...

Anesthesia

Radiographic studies for which the birds are anesthetized with inhalation gas anesthetics are generally completed in less time and are of higher quality than studies in which the birds are not anesthetized. Anesthetized birds are easily positioned with less physical restraint, and the potential for iatrogenic fractures is minimized. It is also possible to inflate the air sacs with positive pressure ventilation in the intubated bird. Motion artifacts are also reduced with anesthesia. All birds...

Positioning Technique For The Laterolateral Radiographic Study Of The Avian Coelom

Avian Radiographs

Before positioning the bird for radiographic examination, strips of paper bandage or masking tape are prepared. Paper tape is less traumatic to the pelage and skin than fabric bandage tape, Figure 1-1 Figure positioning equipment. A modified version of the traditional Bird Board is commercially available and allows for direct contact of the bird and the radiographic cassette. Figure 1-1 Figure positioning equipment. A modified version of the traditional Bird Board is commercially available and...

Radiographic Contrast Studies Of The Gastrointestinal Tract

Macaws Appearance And Anatomy

The rapid digestive tract transit time of birds and the anatomy of their digestive tract make it possible to study the majority of the digestive tract using a single radiographic protocol. The digestive tract from the esophagus to the large intestine can be radiographically evaluated by administering contrast medium orally. The term UGI upper gastrointestinal tract contrast study is a misnomer in birds because the colon, and occasionally the cloaca, is also evaluated on these studies....

Positioning Technique For The Ventrodorsal Radiographic Study Of The Avian Coelom

Avian Radiography Wing Caudocranial View

Precut strips of paper tape, as described for the laterolateral radiographic study of the coelom, are prepared. For the ventrodorsal projection, the bird is placed on the positioning device in dorsal recumbency. The neck is placed in the guillotine and the head is adjusted to the straight rostrocaudal position. Further gentle traction is applied to the bird's body by extending the pelvic limbs slightly caudally and securing them with gauze to the positioning device's cleats. The wings are fully...

Positioning Techniques For Laterolateral And Ventrodorsal Radiographic Studies Of The Avian Head

Radiographic studies of the head include laterolateral and ventro-dorsal radiographic projections and, when necessary, oblique views. Small wedges of radiolucent foam may be of assistance for precise positioning of the head. For laterolateral and oblique projections, the patient is placed in a lateral recumbent position. Oblique radiographic projections require rotation of 15 to 30 degrees or less off the straight lateral projection. Oblique projections are described by the point of entrance of...