Woodpeckers wrynecks and piculets

(Picidae)

Class Aves Order Piciformes Family Picidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium, primarily arboreal; often with patterns of brown, green, or black-and-white; woodpeckers (Picinae) and piculets (Picumninae) often sexually dichromic, males with red or yellow on the head and females lacking it or with less color; wrynecks (Jynginae) sexes similar; woodpeckers have stiff rectrices used for support while climbing on tree surfaces; wrynecks and piculets do not; most have four toes, arranged two forward and two back (zygodactyl)

Size

Wrynecks: 6.3-7.5 in (16-19 cm); 0.78-2.1 oz (22-59 g); piculets: 3-6.3 in (7.5-16 cm); 0.24-1.2 oz (6.8-33 g); woodpeckers: 4.7-24 in (12-60 cm); 0.6-21+ oz (17-600+ g)

Number of genera, species

26 genera, 213 species; wrynecks, 1 genus, 2 species; piculets, 2 genera, 29 species; woodpeckers, 23 genera, 182 species

Habitat

Forests, woodlands, parks, and savannas; a few species found in grasslands and deserts

Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 3 species; Endangered: 1 species; Vulnerable: 7 species; Near Threatened: 12 species

Distribution

Worldwide except absent from Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Madagascar, Ireland, many oceanic islands, and treeless polar regions; wrynecks limited to Eurasia and Africa; piculets to Asia, Central and South America, and Hispaniola

Distribution

Worldwide except absent from Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Madagascar, Ireland, many oceanic islands, and treeless polar regions; wrynecks limited to Eurasia and Africa; piculets to Asia, Central and South America, and Hispaniola

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