Whites thrush

Zoothera dauma

TAXONOMY

Turdus dauma Latham, 1790. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Scaly thrush; French: Grive dorée; German: Erddrossel; Spanish: Zorzal Dorado.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

10.6 in (27 cm); male 3.5-6.9 oz (100-195 g); female 3.5-6.3 oz (100-180 g). Distinctive black scales above and below. Upper-parts are olive-brown; underparts are white with buffy breast.

DISTRIBUTION

Central and eastern Siberia, southwest India, northern India east to China, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Solomon Islands.

HABITAT

Coniferous forest, often in river valleys or close to water, wooded hillsides with mossy rocks, dense undergrowth with deep leaf litter.

BEHAVIOR

Mostly terrestrial, in deep cover, but flies up into trees when disturbed; shy and reclusive.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Insects, worms, and berries.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous, territorial, and solitary, nesting in June, in tree fork; four to five eggs incubated by female; little information available.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Presumed stable, but range and numbers poorly known.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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