Whitenecked puffbird

Notharchus macrorhynchos

TAXONOMY

Bucco macrorhynchos J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Cayenne. Forms a su-perspecies with N. swainsoni of the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Tamatia a gros bec; German: Weifihals-faulvogel; Spanish: Buco Picogordo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

11 in (25 cm); 2.9-3.7 oz (81-106 g). Black upperparts and broad chest band, white forehead, collar, throat and belly. Variable dark barring on flanks. Bill and feet black.

DISTRIBUTION

N. m. hyperrhynchus: Mexico south to Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and western Brazil; N. m. macrorhynchos: eastern Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern Brazil south to the Amazon.

HABITAT

Humid to semiarid forest, open woodland, clearings, and plantations (0-3,940 ft [0-1,200 m]).

BEHAVIOR

Pair territorial and sedentary; generally found perching stolidly on high open branches, but otherwise inconspicuous.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Hunts at all levels, from ant swarms to upper canopy, preying on large insects and small vertebrates; some vegetable matter.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nests excavated by both pair members in arboreal termitaries, usually 40-50 ft (12-15 m) up (occasionally 10-60 ft [3-18 m]). Holes in the ground or in trees are also reported.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened: scarce in Central America, widespread and often fairly numerous in South America.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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