Whitecrowned forktail

Enicurus leschenaulti

TAXONOMY

Enicurus leschenaulti Hartert, 1909, Assam. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Leschenault's forktail; French: Enicure de Leschenault; German: Weissscheitel-Scherenschwanz; Spanish: Enicurino de Corona Blanca.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

11 in (28 cm); 1.8-1.9 oz (50-55 g). Black mantle and breast with white from bill to nape. Wings are dark with white bar; tail is banded black and white. Rump and abdomen white, legs pinkish, and bill black.

DISTRIBUTION

Northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina.

HABITAT

Fast-flowing streams and rivers, sometimes tiny rivulets in dense evergreen forest.

BEHAVIOR

Perches on rocks and stumps in or beside streams and waterfalls, sometimes on forest tracks, constantly bobbing long tail up and down and flicking it open; sometimes pursues insects in hovering flight, also submerges in water and walks on river bottom.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Aquatic insects and their larvae.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous; breeds April-June; nest of moss, leaves and rootlets, in overgrown bank, rocks or boulders; three or four eggs.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Fairly common and secure.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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