Warbling antbird

Hypocnemis cantator

TAXONOMY

Hypocnemis cantator Boddaert, 1783. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Alapi carillonneur; German: Singameisenschnäpper; Spanish: Hormiguero Cantarín.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5 in (12 cm), with a black iris and short tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Amazonian region of northern South America, including southern Venezuela, Guyana, southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and widely in Amazonian Brazil.

HABITAT

Below 3,300 ft (1,000 m) in dense undergrowth vegetation of the borders of humid tropical forest and secondary forest, often in the vicinity of wet areas.

BEHAVIOR

Nonmigratory pairs defend a breeding territory. Song of males is a rapid series of notes, sometimes echoed by the female.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Glean insects and other arthropods from foliage in dense lower-canopy vegetation.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous pairs bond for life, typically lay two eggs, and share incubation and care of nestlings and fledglings.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Widespread and relatively abundant.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

No direct significance, except for the indirect economic benefits of bird-watching and ecotourism. ♦

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