Thrushes and chats

(Turdidae)

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Turdidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium-sized songbirds with stocky build and short, strong but slender bills, stout legs, and relatively short wings; great variety in color, many larger thrushes more or less spotted beneath, smaller chats varying from plain and brown to boldly patterned and colorful

Size

Smaller chats are 5 in (12.5 cm) long and weigh 0.5 oz (15 g); larger thrushes are 13 in (33 cm) long, weighing 4.9 oz (140 g)

Number of genera, species

54 genera; 300 species

Habitat

From desert to rainforest, and from lowlands to high mountain slopes; most live in woodland or scrub, some entirely terrestrial

Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 7 species; Endangered: 5 species; Vulnerable: 18 species; Near Threatened: 22 species; Data Deficient: 3 species; Extinct: 3 species

Distribution

Widespread in Old and New Worlds, including Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean islands, from far northern America and Eurasia to southern tips of America, Africa, and Australia

Distribution

Widespread in Old and New Worlds, including Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean islands, from far northern America and Eurasia to southern tips of America, Africa, and Australia

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