Myiodynastes luteiventris Slater, P.L., 1859. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Tyran tigré German: Weisstirntyrann; Spanish: Ben-teveo de Buche Amarillo.
8.5 in (21.5 cm). Like only one other tyrannid (the other is the streaked flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus), is streaked both above and below. Plumage includes olive-green upperparts with heavy streaking, pale yellow belly with dark brown streaking, reddish rump and tail, whitish secondaries and wing coverts, a blackish malar mark, and white stripes on face above and below dark eye patch. Bill is thick and black. Yellow patch in center of crown is visible only when crown is erect, during passion or aggression while courting.
Southeastern Arizona to Costa Rica; winters from eastern Ecuador to northern Bolivia.
Sycamore canyons, open woods, forest edges, and plantations.
Lives singly or in pairs. Often perches high in canopy, remaining hidden. Early-morning song is a soft, repeated "tree-le-ree-re!" During courtship, both sexes sing a loud "kee-ZEE-ik!" Migratory.
Spots prey from perch, hawks in midair, and typically returns to perch to eat. Also gleans prey from foliage while hovering. Takes large insects, caterpillars, and spiders, but will also eat fruits and berries.
Male and female chase each other in flight during courtship. Breeds monogamously, once per year, later in year than most other flycatchers. Clutch of two to four eggs are incubated by the female in a preformed cavity nest located in a tree knot, abandoned nest, or bird box.
CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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