Spotted bamboowren

Psilorhamphus guttatus

TAXONOMY

Leptorhynchus guttatus Menetries, 1835, Cuiaba-Sabara, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Merulaxe des bambous; German: Trugzaunkönig; Spanish: Gallito Overo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.3 in (13.5 cm); 0.39-0.46 oz (11-13 g). Tail is fairly long, graduated. Male is gray above and dotted white. Rump rufous. Tail is brown, barred buff and tipped white. Throat and breast

are white, belly is buff, all underparts are dotted black. Female is similar, but gray above replaced by brown and white below by buff.

DISTRIBUTION

Southeast Brazil and adjacent northeast Argentina. HABITAT

Viny bamboo thickets in humid forest. BEHAVIOR

Alone or in pairs. Within dense vegetation, occasionally on the ground.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Hops tirelessly through the branches a few meters above the ground. Feeds on insects and caterpillars.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Mérulaxe a flanes ocre; German: Rostflanken-Tapaculo; Spanish: Churrín de la Mocha.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.7 in (14.5 cm); 0.92-1.02 oz (26-29 g). Bill elevated at base. Dark gray, rump and flanks rufous. Legs bright yellow.

DISTRIBUTION

Chile from Santiago to Chiloé and adjacent Argentina in Río Negro.

HABITAT

Undergrowth of humid Nothophagus forest, mainly bamboo thickets.

BEHAVIOR

Moves in close pairs.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages near or on the ground within dense thickets, sometimes digging with both feet simultaneously in an awkward jump.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is bulky and globular with a side entrance, placed hidden 3-6 ft (1-2 m) above ground, occasionally higher. Two, rarely three eggs. Both parents tend the nestlings.

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