Spotcrowned antvireo

Dysithamnus puncticeps

TAXONOMY

Dysithamnus puncticeps Salvin, 1866. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Batara ponctué; German: Perlkappenwürgerling; Spanish: Choquita de Corona Moteada.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4.5 in (11.5 cm), with a whitish iris and moderate-length tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Pacific slope of the Andes Mountains in western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador.

HABITAT

Up to 3,300 ft (1,000 m) in humid tropical forest, especially in lower-growth parts of the canopy.

BEHAVIOR

Nonmigratory pairs defend a breeding territory. Song is a series of soft whistled notes.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feed in dense foliage on insects and other arthropods.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous pairs bond for life, typically lay two eggs, and share incubation and care of nestlings and fledglings.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Locally abundant.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

No direct significance, except for the indirect economic benefits of bird-watching and ecotourism. ♦

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