Spotbacked antbird

Hylophylax naevia

TAXONOMY

Hylophylax naevia J.F. Gmelin, 1789. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Alapi paludicole; German: Braunflecken-Waldwächter; Spanish: Hormiguero de Espalda Punteada.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4.5 in (11.5 cm), with a gray iris, and short tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Amazonian region of northern South America, including southern Venezuela, Guyana, southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and widely in Amazonian Brazil.

HABITAT

Below 3,600 ft (1,100 m) in undergrowth vegetation of terra-firme (non-flooded) and flooded tropical forest.

BEHAVIOR

Nonmigratory pairs defend a breeding territory. Song is a fast, high-pitched series of wheezy notes.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Glean insects and other arthropods from foliage in dense lower-canopy vegetation.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous pairs bond for life, typically lay two eggs, and share incubation and care of nestlings and fledglings.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Widespread and relatively abundant. SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

No direct significance, except for the indirect economic benefits of bird-watching and ecotourism. ♦

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