Significance to humans

Sharpbills have no known significance to humans. ♦

Da Silva, J. M. C. "The Sharpbills in the Sierra dos Carajas, Para, Brazil, With Comments on Altitudinal Migration in the Amazon Region." Journal of Field Ornithology 64, 3 (1993): 310-315.

Lanyon, S. M. "Molecular Perspective on Higher-Level Relationships in the Tyrannoidea Aves." Systematic Zoology 34, 4 (1985): 404-418.

Sibley, C. G. "The Relationships of the Sharpbill." Condor 86 (1984): 48-52.

Stiles, F. G., and B. Whitney. "Notes on the Behavior of the Costa Rican Sharpbill." Auk 100, 1 (1983): 117-125.

Julian Smith, MS

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Tyranni (Suboscines) Family Tyrannidae

Thumbnail description

Small, stocky birds of Neotropical woodland and rainforest with short bills, short tails, and big eyes; males are marked with boldly patterned or exceptionally colorful plumage; females have dull, olive-brown plumage; the colorful males attract the drab females by performing elaborate displays, often on special display grounds called leks; the females alone build nests and raise the young; small fruits and some insects are plucked on the wing during sallying flight


Length 3-5.9 in (7.5-15 cm); weight approximately 0.35-0.70 oz (10-20 g)

Number of genera, species

17 genera, 54 species


Understory of subtropical woodlands to lush tropical rainforests

Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 1 species; Endangered: 1 species; Vulnerable: 2 species; Near Threatened: 1 species

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