Significance to humans

The Tupi, an indigenous population in Brazil, gave the jacamar its name. It is derived from a Tupi word, jacama-ciri. Over the years, people in the region have given this popular bird nicknames such as "bico-de-agulha" (needle bill) and "beija-flor grande" (big hummingbird).

1. Paradise jacamar (Galbula dea); 2. Great jacamar (Jacamerops aurea); 3. Rufous-tailed jacamar (Galbula ruficauda); 4. Coppery-chested jacamar (Galbula pastazae); 5. Green-tailed jacamar (Galbula galbula); 6. Yellow-billed jacamar (Galbula albirostris); 7. Three-toed jacamar (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla). (Illustration by Wendy Baker)

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