Significance to humans

Dippers have no economic significance per se apart from infrequent reports of nuisance predation in fish-hatcheries. Their main significance is as an indicator species for an un-degraded habitat.

1. White-capped dipper (Cinclus leucocephalus leuconotus); 2. Eurasian dipper (Cinclus cinclus aquaticus); 3. American dipper (Cinclus mexi-canus); 4. Rufous-throated dipper (Cinclus schulzi); 5. Brown dipper (Cinclus pallasii). (Illustration by Dan Erickson)

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