Erithacus calliope Pallas, 1776. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Calliope Sibérienne; German: Rubinkehlchen; Spanish: Ruiseñor Caliope.
5.5 in (14 cm); male 0.74-1.0 oz (21-29 g); female 0.56-0.78 oz (16-22 g). Brownish upperparts with white eyebrow and malar stripe. Throat is red (male) or white (female). Males have light brown beast fading to buff, while females have whitish buff underparts with a brown breast band.
Northern and central Siberia from Urals to Kamchatka. HABITAT
Lowland forest, also up to tree line or above in subalpine scrub; usually in thickets, boggy clearings, riverine glades, or meadows.
Solitary or in small, loose parties, usually on or close to the ground in thick undergrowth, but runs rapidly over open spaces.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mostly beetles and other insects, but also various aquatic invertebrates from riversides and shorelines.
Apparently monogamous and territorial; nests from June-July, in thick bush or tussock near ground; four to six eggs, incubated by female, period undetermined.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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