Siberian accentor

Prunella montanella

TAXONOMY

Prunella montanella Pallas, 1776. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Mountain accentor; French: Accenteur montanelle; German: Bergbraunelle; Spanish: Acentor de Pallas.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Length is about 6 in (15 cm). Upperparts are colored dark brown, the belly whitish with rufous flanks, the throat lighter, and the head with black and rufous stripes.

DISTRIBUTION

Ranges through the higher-altitude taiga regions of Russia from the Ural Mountains to the Bering Sea. It migrates to spend the winter in southern parts of its range in eastern China and Korea, and occurs as a vagrant in eastern Europe.

HABITAT

Breeds in shrubby thickets along watercourses within the boreal forest region. Winters in montane forest.

BEHAVIOR

Usually occurs singly, in pairs, or in small groups. The song is a high-pitched trill.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages on the ground for insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. Feeds on seeds and fruits during the winter.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polyandrous. Nests in a tree low to the ground. Lays 4-6 light-blue-colored eggs.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. A widespread and abundant species within its habitat.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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