Scarlethorned manakin

Pipra cornuta

SUBFAMILY

Piprinae

TAXONOMY

Pipra cornuta Spix, 1825, Brazil. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Manakin a cornes rouges; German: Schopfpipra; Spanish: Saltarín Encopetado.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Sexes differ. Length is 4.6 in (11.7 cm). The male is mostly glossy blue-black. The whole head is brilliant scarlet, including a long bilobed crest on the hindcrown projecting back and

slightly upward; the thighs are scarlet. The female is dull olive. Bills are pale flesh color in both sexes.

DISTRIBUTION

Venezuela (tepuis), Guyana, and possibly extreme north Brazil. HABITAT

Low and middle understory of humid forest and mature secondary woodland.

BEHAVIOR

Curious and confiding. Males display in traditional leks, vocalizing as they fly between perches, and making some mechanical whirring sounds with their wings.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Small fruits and insects are taken during quick, sallying flights.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common in preferred habitat.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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