Scaly groundroller

Brachypteracias squamigera

SUBFAMILY

Brachypteraciinae

TAXONOMY

Brachypteracias squamiger Lafresnaye, 1838, Madagascar. Mono-typic.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Scaled ground-roller; French: Brachyptérolle écaillé; German: Schuppenedracke; Spanish: Carraca-Terrestre Escamosa.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

12 in (30 cm). Cryptic plumage blends with foliage. White head and underparts with black and brown scaly pattern; up-perparts bronze and green.

DISTRIBUTION

Eastern Madagascar.

HABITAT

Humid forest below 4,900 ft (1,800 m); prefers shaded areas with sparse groundcover.

BEHAVIOR

Terrestrial, sedentary; shy, secretive, quiet. Seldom flies, escaping danger by running or standing motionless in concealed position.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages mainly in leaf litter on ground; takes insects, snails, small frogs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Little known; breeds September-January; 1-2 white eggs laid at end of burrow excavated in earth bank; incubation by female at least 18 days; chicks fed by both parents, fledging at 18 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable; threatened by deforestation and hunting.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Hunted for food. ♦

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