Resources

Periodicals

Alstrom, Per. "Taxonomy of the Mirafra assamica Complex." Forktail 13 (1998): 97-107.

Baicich, Paul J., Steven C. Heinl, and Mike Toochin. "First Documented Breeding of the Eurasian Skylark in Alaska." Western Birds 27 (1996): 86-88.

Browne, Stephen, Juliet Vickery, and Dan Chamberlain. "Densities and Population Estimates of Breeding Skylarks Alauda arvensis in Britain in 1997." Bird Study 47 (2000): 52-65.

Ericson, Per G., Ulf S. Johansson, and Thomas J. Parsons. "Major Divisions in Oscines Revealed by Insertions in the Nuclear Gene c-myc: A Novel Gene in Avian Phylogenetics." The Auk 117 (2000): 1069-1078.

Lloyd, Penn. "Rainfall as a Breeding Stimulus and Clutch Size Determinant in South African Arid-Zone Birds." Ibis 141 (1999): 637-643.

Ratcliffe, Norman, Luis R. Monteiro, and Cornelis J.

Hazevoet. "Status of Raso Lark Alauda razae with Notes on Threats and Foraging Behaviour." Bird Conservation International 9 (1999): 43-46.

Riley, Steve. "Crested Lark Using 'Anvil'." British Birds 82 (1989): 30-31.

Ryan, Peter G., Ian Hood, Paulette Bloomer, Joris Komen, and Timothy M. Crowe. "Barlow's Lark: A New Species in the Karoo Lark Certhilauda albescens Complex of Southwest Africa." Ibis 140 (1998): 605-619.

Ryan, Peter G., and Paulette Bloomer. "The Long-Billed Lark Complex: A Species Mosaic in Southwestern Africa." Auk 116 (1999): 194-208.

Spaepen, J. F. "A Study of the Migration of the Skylark Alauda arvensis, Based on European Ringing Data." Gefault 85 (1995): 63-89.

Williams, Joseph B. "Lizard Burrows Provide Thermal Refugia for Larks in the Arabian Desert." Condor 101 (1999): 714-717.

Wilson, J. D., J. Evans, S. J. Browne, and J. R. King. "Territory Distribution and Breeding Success of Skylarks Alauda arvensis on Organic and Intensive Farmland in Southern England." Journal of Applied Ecology 34 (1997): 1-20.

Other

The European Commission. "Discover the Species of the Birds Directive." 1 January 2002. 13 March 2002 <http://europa .eu.int/comm/environment/nature/directive/birdshome_en .htm>

The IUCN Species Survival Commission. "2000 Red List of Threatened Species." 1 January 2002. 13 March 2002 <http://www.redlist.org/>

Albrecht Manegold Walter Sudhaus, PhD

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Hirundinidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium-sized, slender, streamlined birds with pointed wings, a small bill, and perching feet; excellent fliers that catch their insect prey on the wing

Size

Body length ranges from about 3.9 to 9.4 in (10-24 cm); weight 0.4-2.1 oz (10-60 g)

Number of genera, species

15 genera; about 88 species

Habitat

Usually found in open habitats near water, along forested rivers, in wooded savanna, and near cliffs and caves close to open areas with an abundant supply of insects

Conservation status

Critically Endangered: 1 species; Vulnerable: 4 species

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