Appert, O. "Zur biologie der Vangawurger (Vangidae) sudwest-Madagaskars." Orn. Beob. 67: 101-133.

Eguchi, K., S. Yamagishi, and V. Randrianasolo. "The Composition and Foraging Behaviour of Mixed Species Flocks of Forest-living Birds in Madagascar." Ibis 134 (1993): 91-96.

Goodman, S. M., A. F. A. Hawkins, and C. A. Domergue. "A New Species of Vanga (Vangidae) from South-western Madagascar." Bulletin of the British Ornithologist's Club 117 (1997): 5-10.

Goodman, S. M., M. Pidgeon, A. F. A. Hawkins, and T. S. Schulenberg. "The Birds of South-eastern Madagascar." Fieldiana Zoology 87 (1997): 1-132.

Griveaud, P. "Le peuplement ornithologique de Madagascar-origines-biogéographie." Cahiers ORSTOM série Biologie 4 (1967): 53-69.

Hawkins, A. F. A. "Recent Observations of the Western Tylas vanga, (Tylas (eduardi) albigularis, Vangidae)." Bulletin of the African Bird Club 2 (1995): 13-16.

Hawkins, A. F. A. "Altitudinal and Latitudinal Distribution of East Malagasy Forest Bird Communities." Journal of Biogeography 26 (1999): 447-458.

Hawkins, A. F. A. "The Importance of Foraging Strategy to the Habitat Selection of the Rufous vanga (Schetba rufa, Vangidae) in the western forests of Madagascar." Ibis (submitted).

Hawkins, A. F. A., and L.Wilmé. "Effects of logging on forest birds." In Economy and Ecology of a Tropical Dry Forest in Madagascar, edited by J. U. Ganzhorn and J. P. Sorg, 203-213. Primate Report (Special Issue) 46 (1996): 1.

Hawkins A. F. A., M. Rabenandrasana, C. V. Marie, O. M. Rabeony, R. Mulder, R. E. Emahalala, and R. Ramariason. "Field Observations of the Red-shouldered Vanga Calicalicus rufocarpalis: A Newly Described Malagasy Endemic." Bulletin of the African Bird Club 5 (1997): 30-32.

La Marca, G., and R. Thorstrom. "Breeding Biology, Diet and Vocalisation of the Helmet Vanga, (Euryceros prevostii), on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar." Ostrich 71 (2000): 400-403.

Rand, A. L. "The Distribution and Habits of Madagascar Birds." Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 72 (1936): 143-499.

Yamagishi, S., and K. Eguchi. "Comparative Foraging Ecology of Madagascar Vangids (Vangidae)." Ibis 138 (1996): 283-290.

Yamagishi, S., E. Urano, and K. Eguchi. "Group Composition and Contributions to Breeding by Rufous Vangas (Schetba rufa) in Madagascar." Ibis 137 (1995): 157-161.


African Bird Club, c/o BirdLife International. Wellbrook

Court, Girton Road, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB3 0NA United Kingdom. Phone: +44 1 223 279 800. Fax: +44-1223-277-200. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

Working Group on Birds in Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands. World Wide Fund for Nature. Antananarivo 101, BP 738 Madagascar. Phone: +261 3207 80806. E-mail: [email protected]

Frank Hawkins, PhD

Waxwings and silky flycatchers


Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Bombycillidae

Sleek, medium-sized, berry-eating songbirds, with plump bodies, short bills and crested heads

5.9-9.4 in (15-24 cm); 1-2.1 oz (30-60 g)

Y J XjÛ '

Number of genera, species

5 genera; 8 species

If . ■ ' '

Forest, open woodland, semi-arid scrubland, and desert

Conservation status

Most species widespread and common, none are targeted for conservation efforts


North and Central Americas, north temperate Eurasia, Middle East, and Indian subcontinent

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment