Campbell, B., and E. Lack. A Dictionary of Birds.: Harrell Books, 1985.

Clement, P., and R. Hathway. Thrushes. London: Christopher Helm, 2000.

Cramp, S. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Keith, S., K. Urban, and C. H. Fry. The Birds of Africa. Vol. 4. London: Academic Press, 1992.

Simms, E. British Thrushes. London: Collins, 1978.

Robert Arthur Hume, BA

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Timaliidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium-sized birds of highly variable shapes and colors


Number of genera, species

Roughly 50 genera, around 280 species


Generally forests, but some semi-desert, scrub, grassland, and wetlands

Conservation status

Endangered: 5 species; Vulnerable: 22 species; Near Threatened: 39 species; Data Deficient: 1 species

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment