Hilty, Steven L., and William L. Brown. A Guide to the Birds of Colombia. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Janzen, Daniel H., ed. Costa Rican Natural History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.


Chai, P. "Butterfly Visual Characteristics and Ontogeny of Responses to Butterflies by a Specialized Tropical Bird." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59, no. 1 (1996): 37-67.

Chai, P. "Field Observations and Feeding Experiments on the Responses of Rufous-tailed Jacamars to Free-flying Butterflies in a Tropical Rainforest." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 29, no. 3 (1986): 161-189.

Marsden, Stuart, J., Mark Whiffin, and Mauro Galetti. "Bird Diversity and Abundance in Forest Fragments and

Eucalyptus Plantations Around an Atlantic Forest Reserve, Brazil." Biodiversity and Conservation 10, no. 5 (2001): 737-751.


Neotropical Bird Club. c/o The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL United Kingdom. E-mail: secretary Web site: <www.neotropicalbirdclub .org>


Caratinga: Soundscapes from Brazil's Atlantic Rainforest. Compact disc, Earth Ear Catalog, 2001. Available online at <http://>

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Species Information: Three-toed Jacamar. <>

Melissa Knopper, MS

Class Aves Order Piciformes Suborder Galbulae Family Bucconidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium-sized birds, usually with short tails, rounded wings, and fairly robust bills; some are more streamlined



\ V n

5.12-11.42 in (13-29 cm); 0.49-3.74 oz (14-106 g)

* Á

Number of genera, species

7 genera, 32 species

Y /

Dry and humid forest, and wooded savanna


Near Threatened: 1 species

nk. Á ^

Central America and South America south to northern Argentina

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