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Woodall, P.F. "Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)." In Handbook of Birds of the World. Vol. 6, Mousebirds to Hornbills, edited by J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2001.


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Kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae)." Journal of Zoology, London 233, no. 1 (1991): 79-90.


Coraciiformes Taxon Advisory Group. <http://www>.

Alan C. Kemp, PhD

Class Aves Order Coraciiformes Suborder Alcedines Family Todidae

Thumbnail description

Very small, rather plump kingfisher-like birds with long, somewhat flattened red bills, crimson gorget, stubby tail, shining green wings, and dorsal plumage


Number of genera, species

1 genus; 5 species


Tropical forests and woodlands, primary and secondary, ranging from arid lowlands to lushly forested highlands

Conservation status

Not threatened; locally common, although in 2001 population densities decreasing due to habitat destruction.

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