Resources

Books

Fry, C.H., K. Fry, and A. Harris. Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers. Halfway House, South Africa: Russel Friedman Books, 1992.

Sibley, C.G., and J.E. Ahlquist. Phylogeny and Classification of Birds: A Study in Molecular Evolution. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1990.

Woodall, P.F. "Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)." In Handbook of Birds of the World. Vol. 6, Mousebirds to Hornbills, edited by J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2001.

Periodicals

Fry, C.H. "The Evolutionary Biology of Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)." Living Bird 18 (1980): 113-60.

Fry, C.H. "The Origin of Afrotropical Kingfishers." Ibis 122 (1980): 57-64.

Woodall, P.F. "Morphometry, Diet and Habitat in the

Kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae)." Journal of Zoology, London 233, no. 1 (1991): 79-90.

Other

Coraciiformes Taxon Advisory Group. <http://www .coraciiformestag.com>.

Alan C. Kemp, PhD

Class Aves Order Coraciiformes Suborder Alcedines Family Todidae

Thumbnail description

Very small, rather plump kingfisher-like birds with long, somewhat flattened red bills, crimson gorget, stubby tail, shining green wings, and dorsal plumage

Size

Number of genera, species

1 genus; 5 species

Habitat

Tropical forests and woodlands, primary and secondary, ranging from arid lowlands to lushly forested highlands

Conservation status

Not threatened; locally common, although in 2001 population densities decreasing due to habitat destruction.

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