Trichophorus calurus Cassin, 1857, Gabon. Two races recognized based on plumage variation.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Red-tailed bulbul; French: Bulbul a barbe blanche; German: Swainsonbülbül; Spanish: Bulbul de Cola Roja.
7.1 in (18 cm); 0.7-1.2 oz (22-35 g). Head and hindneck olive brown, long black bristles on hindneck. Bright yellow under-parts contrast with olive flanks. White conspicuous "beard," often puffed out. Sexes alike. Juvenile resembles adult but is dull cinnamon on wings.
Endemic central Africa; Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Zaire, Gabon, Congo, Angola, Central African Republic, Sudan, and Uganda.
Forest, forest-grassland mosaic.
Territorial groups of three through 12. Common in mixed bird flocks, often the leader. Call a weak "chit, chiro-chiro" or whistle "peeyu." Frequently flicks wings and fans tail.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mainly insects and insect larvae, also fruits and seeds.
Territorial breeder, usually two eggs. Incubation by female only; young fed by both parents, fledge 14 days.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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