Purplebreasted cotinga

Cotinga cotinga

TAXONOMY

Cotinga cotinga Linnaeus, 1766. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Cotinga de Daubenton; German: Purpurbrust Kotinga; Spanish: Continga de Pecho Morado.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Average weight is 2.5 oz (70 g). Males are predominantly navy blue in color, with black wings and tail, and violet on the throat and breast. Their subcutaneous and perivisceral fat often takes on the blue color of the berries they prefer.

DISTRIBUTION

This species is found in northern Amazonia, in eastern Colombia, the Guinan Shield, and northern Brazil. The only species

within the genus that overlaps its geographic distribution is the spangled cotinga (Cotinga cayana).

HABITAT

This species is a canopy specialist in lowland tropical evergreen forest. While principally a lowland species, it may range up to 0.5 mi (800 m).

BEHAVIOR

The quiet behavior of the members of this genus is in contrast with their vivid colors. However, the male emits a sharp, loud "whirr" with his wings when in flight.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Fruit and berries are consumed, often "gorging" at a masting tree or bush such as mistletoe. The fruits are often plucked on the wing. Although the seeds of larger species (e.g., mistletoe) might be regurgitated, smaller seeds are often swallowed. Insects are also taken.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The mating system is not completely known within this group, although for the most part it appears that males display solitarily.

The nest is platform type, often high in a tree fork, or next to an epiphyte. The female incubates and cares for the young alone.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

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