Plainpouched hornbill

Rhyticeros subruficollis

SUBFAMILY

Bucerotinae

TAXONOMY

Rhyticeros subruficollis Blyth, 1843, Tenasserim. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Plain-pouched wreathed hornbill, Burmese hornbill, Tenasserim hornbill; French: Calao a gorge claird; German: Blythhornvogel; Spanish: Calao Gorgiclaro.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

25.6-27.6 in (65-70 cm); female weight unknown, male 4.0-5.0 lb (1.81-2.27 kg). Black with short white tail, yellowish bill, and low ridged casque. Male has rufous crown with yellow throat skin; female all black with blue throat skin.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern Myanmar, western and southern Thailand, and northern Malaysia.

HABITAT

Lowland rainforest and mixed deciduous hill forest. BEHAVIOR

Reports of enormous flocks of more than 2,000 individuals traveling long distances near the Malay-Thai border suggest this species to be wide-ranging and makes extensive local movements.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Little known but believed to feed primarily on fruits.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Little information but believed to lay one to three eggs around January to March.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Classified as Vulnerable and listed on CITES Appendix I. Little known regarding status due to limited research and repeated confusion with wreathed hornbill.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Hunted for food and kept as pets. ♦

0 0

Post a comment