Monteiros hornbill

Tockus monteiri

SUBFAMILY

Bucerotinae

TAXONOMY

Tockus monteiri Hartlaub, 1865, Benjuela, Angola. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Calao de Monteiro; German: Monteirotoko; Spanish: Toco Angoleño.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

19.7 in (50 cm); female 0.59-0.93 lb (269-423 g), male averages 0.81 lb (370 g). Small, brown-and-white with white spotted wings and large, dark red bill.

DISTRIBUTION

Southwestern Angola and northwestern and central Namibia. HABITAT

Dry scrub and thornbush, generally the driest habitat of any hornbill.

BEHAVIOR

Territorial, semi-terrestrial, highly vocal birds. Sometimes bob up and down when calling; during territorial displays bow the head, hunch the wings, and cluck.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages mainly on the ground, consuming primarily insects.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Usually nests in rock faces near water. Lays two to eight eggs generally after a period of rain. Incubation 24-27 days; fledging c. 45 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Common and widespread within its limited range.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Excellent species for research because of its open habitat and willingness to nest in artificial nest boxes. ♦

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