Tockus monteiri Hartlaub, 1865, Benjuela, Angola. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Calao de Monteiro; German: Monteirotoko; Spanish: Toco Angoleño.
19.7 in (50 cm); female 0.59-0.93 lb (269-423 g), male averages 0.81 lb (370 g). Small, brown-and-white with white spotted wings and large, dark red bill.
Southwestern Angola and northwestern and central Namibia. HABITAT
Dry scrub and thornbush, generally the driest habitat of any hornbill.
Territorial, semi-terrestrial, highly vocal birds. Sometimes bob up and down when calling; during territorial displays bow the head, hunch the wings, and cluck.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages mainly on the ground, consuming primarily insects.
Usually nests in rock faces near water. Lays two to eight eggs generally after a period of rain. Incubation 24-27 days; fledging c. 45 days.
Not threatened. Common and widespread within its limited range.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Excellent species for research because of its open habitat and willingness to nest in artificial nest boxes. ♦
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