Mauritius cuckooshrike

Coracina typica

TAXONOMY

Oxynotus typicus Hartlaub, 1865, Mauritius. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Echenilleur de Maurice; German: Mauritiusraupenfänger; Spanish: Oruguero de Mauricio.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

8.7 in (22 cm); one male 1.5 oz (43 g). Gray upperparts and grayish white below with blackish wings; females orange-brown above and rich orange rufous below.

Campephaga lobata I Resident

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Coracina typica

Resident

South Mauritius.

HABITAT

Canopy of moist tropical evergreen forest above 1,500 ft (460 m); also adjacent degraded or altered forest.

BEHAVIOR

Lives solitarily or in pairs; territorial throughout the year. Unobtrusive and secretive, but may be located by its melodic trill and harsh call-note.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

It eats mainly large arthropods, including caterpillars, mantids, stick insects, and beetles, and also geckos.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Highest density 25 territories/km2. Breeds from September to March, during the rains. Monogamous. The nest is a shallow cup of fine twigs, lichens, and spider webs, and is attached to a horizontal tree branch. Both sexes build the nest. The female lays two eggs; incubation is by both sexes for 24-25 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Habitat loss and degradation have caused a long-term decline in the population cinced human colonization and remains a long-term threat. The species is considered Vulnerable because of its very small range and population (300-350 pairs in 2000). Since 1975, its range and density have increased, thanks to conservation action to rehabilitate native ecosystems.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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