Magpierobin

Copsychus saularis

TAXONOMY

Copsychus saularis Linnaeus, 1758, Bengal. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Asian magpie-robin, Oriental magpie-robin; French: Shama dayal; German: Dajal; Spanish: Robin la Gazza.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

9 in (23 cm); male 1.1-1.5 oz (31-42 g); female 1.1-1.4 oz (32-40 g). In males, upperparts, head, and breast are black; underparts are white; the tail is black with white outer feathers; the wings have white bars. In females, upperparts, head and breast are dull dark gray. Juveniles resemble adults but have mottled brown breasts.

DISTRIBUTION

Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Indochina, Andaman Islands, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

HABITAT

Gardens, woodland edge, and forest clearings, open broadleaved forest.

BEHAVIOR

Pairs or family groups, lively and easily visible, feeds on ground, perches on branches, high wires, poles.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Large insects taken from ground, spiders, centipedes, earthworms, small lizards, seeds, and nectar.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Breeds February-August, untidy grassy nest in hole in tree, bank, or wall; four to five eggs, incubation 12-13 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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