Uratelornis chimaera Rothschild, 1895, Madagascar. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Brachyptérolle a longue queue; German: Langschwanz-erdracke; Spanish: Carraca-Terrestre Colilarga.
18 in (46 cm) including tail. Sandy-brown upperparts with dark brown streaks; white underparts; and light blue outer wing feathers.
Dry Didierea woodland on sandy soil up to 330 ft (100 m). BEHAVIOR
Terrestrial; inconspicuous, mottled plumage blending with leaf litter in shade. Pairs or family parties when breeding, singly at other times. Stands motionless awaiting prey, long tail held horizontal or cocked up. Calls from low branch, often at night.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages in leaf litter, taking terrestrial invertebrates.
Monogamous; breeds during summer monsoons; 3-4 white eggs laid in burrow excavated in sandy soil. Courtship features neck stretching and vertical spring up to perch; feeding of female by male. Pair always near nest, but nesting behavior not known.
Vulnerable in very restricted range.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Birds and eggs taken for food. ♦
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