Lilaccheeked kingfisher

Cittura cyanotis

SUBFAMILY

Halcyoninae

TAXONOMY

Dacelo cyanotis Temminck, 1824, Sulawesi (Sumatra in error). Three subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Blue-eared, lilac kingfisher; French: Martin-chasseur oreillard; German: Blauohrliest; Spanish: Martin Cazador de Célebes.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

11 in (28 cm), no mass data. Large kingfisher with unique, spiky, lilac ear coverts, brown above, lilac and white below with black (male) or blue (female) shoulder to dark wings. Black mask, bright red bill and feet. Red iris distinctive.

Cittura cyanotis I Resident

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Swoops down to capture prey on ground, mainly large insects, such as mantids, cicadas, grasshoppers and beetles, together with millipedes and small reptiles. Sometimes also hunts along the edge of clearings.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest reported from burrow in sloping ground, no further data.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Considered Near Threatened due to restricted range, patchy distribution and steady removal of its forest habitat. Nowhere common and biology not well understood.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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