Lanceolated monklet

Micromonacha lanceolata

TAXONOMY

Bucco lanceolata Deville, 1849, Pampa del Sacramento, upper Ucayali River, Peru. Monotypic.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Barbacou lanceole; German: Streifen-faulvogel; Spanish: Monjita Lanceolata.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.1-5.9 in (13-15 cm); 0.67-0.78 oz (19-22 g). Warm brown upperparts, scaled buffy. Whitish nasal tufts and chin feathers,

white loral patch (bordered black) extending across forehead. White underparts heavily streaked black, except for central belly; undertail coverts buffy. Bill black and iris brown.

DISTRIBUTION

Western Costa Rica, west-central Panama; also from southwestern Colombia to western Ecuador and west-central Colombia to northern Bolivia.

HABITAT

At all strata (but usually low down) and most often at borders of primary and secondary humid forest at 980-6,890 ft (300-2,100 m).

BEHAVIOR

Principally solitary, although pairs are probably sedentary and territorial. Usually found sitting unobtrusively at forest edges or sometimes accompanying mixed-species flocks.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Hunts insects from perches and is known to eat berries, at least seasonally.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is placed at end of a 16-in (40-cm) tunnel into a bank. Clutch contains two eggs; estimated incubation period 15 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Nowhere common, but widespread and thought to be secure.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

Nonnula ruficapilla | Resident

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