Hoses broadbill

Calyptomena hosii

SUBFAMILY

Calyptomeninae

TAXONOMY

Calyptomena hosii Sharpe, 1892, Mt. Dulit, Borneo. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Blue-bellied broadbill, magnificent green broadbill; French: Eurylaime de Hose; German: Azurbreitrachen; Spanish: Pico Ancho Magnifico.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

7.5-8.3 in (19-21 cm); female, 3.3 oz (92 g); male, 3.6-4.1 oz (102-115 g). Green head and upperparts with black spots about head and neck, and on wings. Deep blue underparts.

DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to Borneo. Most commonly found between 2,000 and 4,000 ft (610-1,220 m), but also as low as 1,000 ft (300 m) in Sabah and as high as 5,512 ft (1,680 m) in the Kelabit Uplands.

HABITAT

Understory and midstory of submontane forest; locally in lowland rainforest.

BEHAVIOR

Little known. Occurs in pairs or small groups.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds mostly on fig fruits, but also some insects and leaf buds. Small groups can be seen aggregating in fruiting fig trees.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Breeding probably begins in March to April.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Rare to locally common in very restricted distribution. Considered Near Threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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