Muscicapa guttata Pallas, 1811, Alaska. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Grive solitaire; German: Einsiedlerdrossel: Spanish: Zorzal de hermit.
6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm); male 1.0-1.3 oz (27-37 g); female 1.0-1.1 oz (27-32 g). Rich brown to grayish brown upperparts; reddish tail; whitish underparts with buff-washed breast and gray- or brownish-washed flanks; dark spots on breast and sides of throat. There are size and color variations across the wide breeding range of this species.
North America, breeding from Alaska to Newfoundland across Canada and south to California, New Mexico; Long Island; winters in southern United States and Central America.
Coniferous and mixed woodlands and thickets, forest bogs and clearings, also very dry areas but prefers neighborhood of water.
More secretive than shy, usually solitary, terrestrial or flitting through low vegetation, hopping about on open grass or in deep cover and flying into higher canopy if disturbed; flicks wings and tail and quickly raises and slowly lowers tail on landing.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Worms, insects, and fruits.
Breeds May-August, nest of twigs, bark, grass, and roots in tree; three to four eggs incubated only by female for 11-13 days, chicks fly after 10-15 days; two broods.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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