Most cotingas are shy, unobtrusive avoiders of civilization, and as such they inhabit the upper and middle tree levels of continuous forest areas, as residents. Only a few species are also found in open landscapes or secondary forest. Many of the larger species (e.g., Gymnodoerus and Cephalopterus orna-tus) are riverine specialists, but some of the smaller species (e.g., Cotinga maynana) will inhabit riverine habitat or swamp edges as well. They are often visually inconspicuous and at the same time widely distributed.
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