Green iora

Aegithina viridissima

TAXONOMY

Jora viridissima Bonaparte, 1851, Sumatra. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Iora emeraude; German: Smaragdaegithina; Spanish: Iora Verde.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.5 in (13 cm). Dark olive-green plumage with black bill, wings, and tail. Yellow eye ring. Wing bars are white in males and yellow in females.

DISTRIBUTION

Malay Peninsula, including southern Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo, and nearby small islands.

HABITAT

Lowland primary and tall secondary forest. BEHAVIOR

Confined to forest canopy, behavior, including vocalizations, otherwise similar to common iora's.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Similar to that of common iora, but apparently restricted to forest canopy.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Similar to common iora.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened, due to drastic continuing reduction of forest habitat throughout range. Occurs in several important national parks.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

None traditionally, but a target species for ecotourists. ♦

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Little recorded, presumed similar to other species of Chloropsis. REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest and eggs unrecorded as of 2000. Breeding season appears to be from June through August.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable, due to extensive habitat loss over limited range. Probably extinct on Cebu. Occurs in some Mindanao parks.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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