Contopus pertinax Cabanis and Heine, 1859. OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Coues' flycatcher, smoke-colored peewee; French: Moucherolle bistré German: Couestyrann; Spanish: Pibí Ahumado.
8 in (20 cm). Plumage includes grayish olive head and upper-parts, whitish throat and chin, pale gray breast and underparts, a yellow wash on the belly, and a long tail appearing notched when folded. The slender, tufted crest is a distinctive identifier. Bill has a black upper mandible and an orange lower mandible.
Southern Arizona and New Mexico, south through Mexico and into Nicaragua.
Montane pine-oak woodlands and wooded canyons.
Lives singly or in pairs. Frequently perches in dead pines. Whistles "ho-sa, ma-re-ah!" and chirps a steadily repeated "pip-pip-pip!" Defends nesting territory aggressively against larger birds, snakes, and squirrels. Migratory.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
From middle-level perch, hawks insects in midair.
Breeds monogamously once per year. Female builds a cup-shaped nest in the fork of a conifer or sycamore. Clutch consists of three to four eggs. Young are fed by both sexes.
Not threatened. Habitat vulnerable to logging of coniferous forest.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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