Great jacamar

Jacamerops aurea

TAXONOMY

Jacamerops aurea Müller, 1776. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Grand jacamar; German: Breitmaul-Glanzvogel; Spanish: Jacamar Grande.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The largest jacamar: 12 in (30 cm) long, with thick, slightly curved bill. Metallic green upperparts, white narrow band on throat, rufous underside, with bluish black underside of tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Venezuela, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Bolivia, and Amazonian Brazil. HABITAT

Riverine forest, lowlands.

BEHAVIOR

Quieter and slower moving than other jacamar species. Known for its mournful-sounding call.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Preys on flying insects. Catches prey in mid-air and batters it against a branch before consuming it.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Lays one to four white eggs in ground-hole nest cavity. Incubation is 20-23 days. Chicks emerge from nest after 21-26

days, covered in white down. Both sexes incubate, and care for chicks.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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