Gray antwren

Myrmotherula menetriesii

TAXONOMY

Myrmotherula menetriesii d'Orbigny, 1837. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Myrmidon gris; German: Buntflügel-Ameisenschlüpfer; Spanish: Hormiguero de Garganta Gris.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

DISTRIBUTION

Northern South America, including southern Venezuela, Guyana, eastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and much of Amazonian Brazil.

HABITAT

Up to 2,950 ft (900 m) in humid tropical forest, forest-edges, and openings within forest. Mostly restricted to terra firme (or non-flooded) forest.

BEHAVIOR

Nonmigratory pairs defend a breeding territory. Often join mixed-species foraging flocks, but tend to feed higher in the

canopy than other species. Song is a weak series of about 12 repeated notes.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Glean insects and other arthropods from foliage in the middle and upper canopy.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous pairs bond for life, typically lay two eggs, and share incubation and care of nestlings and fledglings.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Widespread and locally abundant.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

No direct significance, except for the indirect economic benefits of bird-watching and ecotourism. ♦

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